Every Monday (lunedi’) I will offer a short lesson in Italian.
(*Italians do not capitalize the days of the week)
Italian is a phonetic language, meaning you pronounce the letters as you see them. Of course there are a few exceptions. And this lesson relates to the biggest exception.
My first lesson covers the letters C and G and how they work with certain other letters.
The C and G can have both soft and hard sounds.
C + A, O, U= hard sound
casa (house) caffe’ (coffee)
G+ A, O, U=hard sound
Guido (a man’s name)
C+ E,I=soft sound
(*This will sound similar to CH in English)
cappuccino (note that this word uses both c’s…the hard and the soft)
G+ E,I=soft sound sound
(*This will sounds similar to J in English)
gelato (ice cream)
But this is where things might seem tricky…how do you get the hard sound with C and G if there is an E or I? Simple….just add an H before the vowel. Sounds confusing, but once you see the examples below, it will all come together! You have been utilizing this rule all this time, and you didn’t even know it!
CH+ E,I=hard sound
Chianti (a type of wine)
Bruschetta (grilled bread flavored with olive oil, garlic and salt and often topped with other ingredients). Please note the CORRECT pronunciation of this word is: BrusKetta, not BruSHetta!
GH+ E,I=hard sound
spaghetti (a type of pasta)
This concludes our Language Lunedi’ for today….I hope it was informative and also a little fun!!! Ciao!
Photo Attribution:George: Trelawney3